The Schema of Advent
The progression of Advent can be understood as follows:
- First Sunday of Advent. A sudden announcement that the Lord is coming.
- Feast of St. Barbara (December 4). See Barbara
- Feast of St. Nicholas (December 6). See Saint
- Feast of the Immaculate Conception (December 8).
- Second Sunday of Advent. The voices of Isaiah and John the Baptist tell us to
- Feast of St. Lucy (December 13). See Lucy
- Third Sunday of Advent: Gaudete Sunday. A joyful warning from the Lord's heralds.
- Ember Wednesday of Advent: the "Golden Mass." Commemoration of the
Annunciation (see Ember Days).
- Ember Friday of Advent. Commemoration of the Visitation.
- Ember Saturday of Advent. "Holy impatience" over the coming of the Lord,
both in the manger and in glory at the end of time.
"Octave" Before Christmas & The Greater Antiphons (beginning this year, 2000 AD, on Gaudete Sunday). See "Octave" and "Golden
- Dec. 17 Antiphon: "O Wisdom, who camest out of the mouth of the Most
High, reaching from end to end and ordering all things mightily and sweetly: come and
teach us the way of prudence" (Ecclus 24.5; Wisd. 8.1).
- Dec. 18 Antiphon: "O Adonai, and Leader of the house of Israel, who
didst appear to Moses in the flame of the burning bush, and didst give unto him the law on
Sinai: come and with outstretched arm and redeem us" (Ex. 3.2, 20.1).
- Dec. 19 Antiphon: "O Root of Jesse, who standest for an ensign of the
people, before whom kings shall keep silence, and unto whom the Gentiles shall make their
supplication: come to deliver us, and tarry not" (Is. 11.10).
- Dec. 20 Antiphon: "O Key of David and Sceptre of the house of Israel,
who openest and no man shutteth, who shuttest and no man openeth: come and bring forth
from the prison-house, the captive that sitteth in darkness and in the shadow of
death" (Is. 22.22; Apoc. 3.7; Lk.1.79).
- Dec. 21 Antiphon: "O Dawn of the East, Brightness of light eternal, and
Sun of Justice, come and enlighten them that sit in darkness and in the shadow of
death" (Ps. 106.10).
- Dec. 22 Antiphon: "O King of the Gentiles and the desired of them, Thou
cornerstone that makest both one, come and deliver man, whom Thou didst form out of the
dust of the earth" (Agg. 2.8; Eph. 2.14,20).
- Dec. 23 Antiphon: "O Emmanuel, our King and Lawgiver, the expected of
the nations and their Saviour, come to save us, O Lord our God" (Is. 7.14, 33.22).
- [Fourth Sunday of Advent. More reflections on Isaiah, John, and our Lady
presaging the Lord's arrival. NOTE: This year there is no fourth Sunday of Advent because
Christmas Eve falls on the Sunday before Christmas.]
- Vigil of Christmas (Christmas Eve Day). The imminence of the twofold coming of the